Tuesday, December 17, 2019

The Music Of The South African Anti Apartheid Movement

University of Pennsylvania Musical Independence: The Role of Music in the South-African Anti-Apartheid Movement Andrew Fixler Timothy Rommen Music 050: Introduction to Music in Cultures 5/11/15 â€Å"Art is not a mirror held up to reality, but a hammer with which to shape it† (Bertold Brecht in Askew 2003: 633). Despite evolution across the globe and the continued development of societies and cultures, one entity has remained present throughout – music. Though manifested in various forms, music has and continues to play an integral role in a multitude of settings, ranging from religious ceremonies to theater to pop culture and beyond. With universal influence, music possesses the ability to unite a nation behind a single cause yet simultaneously subjugate a people through musical propaganda and censorship. For instance, due to a lack of literacy and economic means in countries such as South Africa (plagued by apartheid sanctions), oral communication through music increases the accessibility of critical ideas. Nonetheless, though musical artists have the capacity to assert politically subversive statements through song, vehement government censorship and even propaganda reflect music’s immense influence. Thus, a vessel through which sound is transformed to expression, music has tremendous political ramifications. Exploring the transformation of South-African music from â€Å"a mirror† of the apartheid struggles to a â€Å"hammer with which to shape†Show MoreRelatedNkosi Sikelel Africa: A Song Made More Popular by the Governments Banning1336 Words   |  6 Pages The music from the Apartheid in South Africa was extremely important in the movement for freedom. At a time when there wasn’t much money for the Anti-Apartheid Movement, music became the most important weapon. The songs sung all over South Africa in resistance to the Apartheid intimidated the government more than weapons and violence could because of the powerful meaning behind each song that unified and strengthened the resistance. Artists all over South Africa wrote songs speaking out againstRead MoreThe Development of Jazz in South Africa1409 Wo rds   |  6 PagesOn June 19, 1890 South Africans came into contact with African American music for the first time. This contact came when Orpheus McAdoo’s Virginia Jubilee Singers. Orpheus McAdoo, a graduate of Hampton Institute, now known as Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia joined five members of the original Fisk Jubilee Singers, an African American a capella group from Fisk University and began to tour places such as Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. When he returned to the U.S., he added four membersRead MoreThe Racial Of Apartheid And The Significant Historical Events Within The 40 Year Period1657 Words   |  7 Pagesat the racial system of apartheid in South Africa, the question of music must be discussed. The central debate among musicologists and ethnomusicologists is whether the music from black south Africans during this time was a result of the resistance movement against apartheid. The other side of the argument is that the music of this time and pla ce catalyzed the movement itself and without an outlet like music the resistance would not have occurred. I believe that the music is a representation of whatRead MoreMusic s Influence On The Anti Apartheid Movement2645 Words   |  11 PagesMusic’s Influence on the Anti-Apartheid Movement In 1948, the white government of South Africa began creating one of the most brutal systems of racial segregation the world has ever known. Under the minority rule of Afrikaners -- a Southern African ethnic group descending from Dutch settlers in the 17th century -- a unique system of racial separation and white supremacy called apartheid was created and legislated against the majority black inhabitants. Apartheid is an Afrikaans word which translatesRead MoreThe Impact of Music During Apartheid1530 Words   |  7 PagesImpact of Music During Apartheid Amandla! A Revolution in Four-Part Harmony is a 2002 documentary film directed by Lee Hirsch that describes the struggle the black South Africans faced during apartheid. Activists and musicians discuss the days of apartheid. The film has a collection of musical performances, interviews, and historical footage. Amandla is a Zulu and Xhosa word that means power. It was a common rally word used in resistance to Apartheid. The black South Africans also used music to showRead MoreThe Apartheid Movement Of South Africa1967 Words   |  8 PagesIn South Africa in 1948, the National party came into power and they had begun creating laws that corresponded to the apartheid. The apartheid movement was implementing segregation, keeping the white South Africans from interacting with the black South Africans1. In 1959, the Boycott Movement came into play in South Africa, which was later renamed the Anti-Apartheid Movement. This led to other countries in the world putting pressure on South Africa economically to end this racial discrimination.Read MoreQuestions and Answers on U-Carmen Khayetlitsha837 Words   |  3 Pages Q1. Intermezzo: short, lyric piece or movement, often for piano, also a comic interlude performed between acts of an eighteenth century opera seria of which Carmen is an example (Intermezzo, 2012, iMusic Dictionary) Aria: lyric song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment, generally expressing intense emotion; found in opera, cantata, and oratorio such as Je dis que rien in Carmen (Aria, 2012, iMusic Dictionary). Trio: a composition written for three voices or instruments such as TrioRead MoreBob Marley And The Wailers1654 Words   |  7 PagesReggae is a music genre that evolved from the Jamaican music style called ska, and was influenced by American rhythm and blues. Reggae contains many references Rastafarianism, which many consider the result of Bob Marley’s practice of integrating reggae with Rastafarian ideology. This paper serves to examine reggae, with special emphasis on a lyric analysis of Jamaican reggae band Bob Marley and the Wailers. The major question th is paper addresses the social context that led to the dominance ofRead MoreThe Apartheid Of South African Apartheid2501 Words   |  11 PagesIntroduction: South African Apartheid was one of the darkest eras of racial persecution the world has ever seen. From 1948 to 1991 the South African government headed by the National Party imparted not only strict racial classifications that divided whites, blacks, Indians, and c*loreds, anyone who did not fit into one of the previous groups, but also laws that restricted all aspects of black life; this time period is known as apartheid. Certain individuals shined through in the fight against apartheid, theseRead MoreHow Do Neil Blomkamp District 9 And Clint Eastwood s Invictus Use Language And Stylistic Features?1927 Words   |  8 PagesHow do Neil Blomkamp in District 9 and Clint Eastwood in Invictus use language and stylistic features in similar and differing ways to present the idea of apartheid? Introduction In Neil Blomkamp’s District 9 and Clint Eastwood’s Invictus, the idea of apartheid is expressed using many different point of views, language and stylistic features. They both use camera angles and techniques to highlight power structures and point of views in the films. Additionally, they both use Mis-on-scene and symbolism

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.