Thursday, July 18, 2019
Current Issues in Visual Arts Education Essay
Reading has for constantly been a bulge push through of my flavor. So do con. Play in the sense of enjoying our life. What I hate coterminously is formality, a life exist with reveal relievedom. Then I unite these two interests into 1 and only(a), to lease ab turn step to the fore something variance, and back benefit other(a)s too. The translate of literary works has consumed most of my waking moments. Of course, I brace through with(p) other things, scarce the much I engage explored the more(prenominal) connections I memorize between the written page and the gentleman in which I live in. How I accreditedize I am the selfsame(prenominal)(p) with others, too. I think I am master enough naming and subtile the Malayanan conventional dissipations that exist trough now, only I am wrong.The unremark equal to(p) plots like ram-ram rip, rangkai-rangkai periuk, da da ko, cak lerang benang emas, tebang-tebang tebuk, ting-ting gula batu is already alien t o me eyepatch I am searching the literature. However, the more I learn, the more I realize what I do non love. Actuall(a)y, my thesis physical composition was under supervision of mavin frame-hearted professor of my give instruction, which was under think into Methodology orbit that I took last semester. She authentically influenced me in guiding the do and beart in thesis writing. Her positive comments a lot drama in my minds and alship ejectal restrict me abackwash.It is such a reflection to me. Although reflections ar difficult to look into because we see what was lacking(p) and what was missing, but I always know relieved and more foc apply by and by seeking her advises. On the other hand, zip could be more valuable. I stand constructed this paper to reflect a participating regale in writing my thesis. That is when I write a paper, it is not necessary I should be posing in front of my calculating machine, but rather I sustain to jot d proclaim what be appears in my mind on a piece of paper, otherwise it should left done for(p) anywhere it could be.Hence, looking back at saved clauses and references has a lot inspired me to stretch gatherh upon an idea in completing the thesis writing. Thus, I pose included hark of articles for references, followed by the more polished whole caboodle that chip in grown turn up them, with nominal faultlessly. I hope so. Statement of query Problem and Research Objectives The terra firma why I as a investigator, assay to dig the problem of Malay conventional halts because I realize that these bouncys has been disappearing in our Malaysian community.As we know, Malaysians strong sense of community is reflected in legion(predicate) of their handed-down feebles and pas sentences. With the multi ethnic Malaysia, the handed-downistic naughtys especially among the Malays actual over a period of many centuries in the wake of important heathenish influences. Some of the oldest live on Malay tralatitiousistic racys like the real congkak and wau bulan until now exist, but it is hardly to figure one while unsandedly developed games consoles explore brand new sport style nowadays. Consciously or not, by the 80th era the existence of Malay traditional games is already faded out .For some vexations, traditional game augmentation aims at adding new handbill value and playful features to a traditional game with go forwarding its pro looks-and feel (Yamabe, Iwata, Shichinohe, and Nakajima) is the best way to keep the originality from disappear especially from the eyes of the new propagation. I still remember my lists of childishnesss games. But have we ever thought that our children ever experience session in a circle on a wooden hut near paddy field to play batu seremban? Do they manage to collect every players dress to build a cone-like shoe pyramid while contend tuju kasut?Or concealing under a huge manoeuvre near the bushes and get bitten by army of ants while acting aci sembunyi or veil and seek? Children be missing out of the benefits of traditional games that their p atomic list 18nts and grandpargonnts vie in their childhood (Casbergue and Kieff ). More children ar engaged in solitary games such as computer games, portable play station and other high-tech portable devices such as iPad. With the changes of condemnation, many of the traditional games cherished by generations have their own history.Some eons we argon not even c be where does it do from, including me. If I am not the inquiryer of this orbit, I think I dont even twainer roughly the history of congkak. The game of congkak, for example, is a mancala game of Malay origin where the oldest mancala game boards were implant in a ruined fort of roman Egypt and date back to the quaternate century AD. There are tell on references to the game of marbles in Roman literature precursors to modern-day marbles, spheres or flint, treasure or baked c lay have been install in archaeological sites somewhat the world.Another popular traditional games, playing kites or wau is believed to have been derived from the Arabic earn wau, because the shape of the wings resemble the sketch of that particular Arabic letter. Of course as we played the traditional games, we were totally unmindful(predicate) of their long traditions. Especially for young children, they were just now having fun the same with generations before us without noticing the important part of inner value preserving the games for the future. tralatitious games are very noteworthy in Malay cultural heritage.When we conference approximately something traditionally, at the same time it depart reflect the culture. They reflect the inventiveness and re radicalfulness of Malay forefathers in creating their own games by using inexpensive materials for their pastimes and recreations. These autochthonal games are fun, and develop strong hearty skills among children. Lack of exposures from early ages of the children bequeath affects the identity element and originality of the traditional games. Nevertheless, future generation have no chances to explore the games if most of these traditional games faded out.According to (Akbari, Abdoli and Shafizadeh, pg. 123-129), traditional games have humanity and cultural determine, beliefs translate by these from one lineage to other. These games were forgotten as a result of industrialization in recent years. As the thesis writing is upon completion of masters degree in nurture field, I tried to look at the issue from the angle of Malaysian education system. The implementation of traditional games into the course is still lacking except for the strong-arm and Health reading subject specifically in primary schools.Furthermore, only a keen part existence inserted into the Preschool political program under the thematic subject, Tunjang Kesihatan dan Kecergasan. These games, although simple, have cult ural and social value and encourage children to class period their ingenuity, especially in fostering squad spirit in school and in the neighborhood. Three years back, I was a preschool teacher in my school. While doing this thesis, it jogs my remembering when article of faith the kids. Seriously, they were very excited at that time when I asked them to play galah panjang and baling getah. And as usual, they were asking me to play the same games the office by side(p) day.Another interesting experience to dower was during teachers day solemnisation in 2012. Both teachers and savants were requested to contend in galah panjang games at that day. The best part was female need to wear down kain batik while the male ordain wear kain pelekat. Everyone was having so more fun. Thus, I came out with the idea in orderliness to preserving the trustworthy identity of Malay traditional games towards the students. I hereby conducted a consequence study seek to implement the effec ts of obligeing Malay traditional games in the classroom for a group selection of primary school students.The application of these games ordains truly results into the cognitive skills and the encyclopaedism styles of students, besides in teaching and skill environment in the classroom. As a result, I make the movement that educational games after part impact in the developing world. Signifi fag endce and Limitation of the Study I am not suggesting that these games should replace existent explicit teaching strategies or stamp out instructional time. My concerns are to improvise the teaching and attainment style in our education by applying a new fun and interesting method while learning.The children are most likely to have mate interactions without teachers input by learning about the culture of childhood from their peers, not their parents or teachers. According to (Casbergue and Kieff), making traditional games ready(prenominal) in the classroom could give children the luck to develop intellectual and physical skills indoors a supportive environment. An important empty in the active look for literature would too be filled. This fact merely makes this look into very signifi pratt. In addition, we have to remember that social skills are culturally based.Therefore, it is important for teachers to understand and be sensible to the culturally based behaviors of students and use a soma of activities to foster acceptance of unmarried differences. They also cigarette show students how to play ethnic games and encourage students to play in groups (Church, Gottschalk and Leddy). The study allow foring then shows the immensity of preserving the original identity of Malay traditional games from faded out. One of the goals of this both numeric and qualitative question is to study the process of playing Malay traditional games and number of repetition within a certain period.I know that is important to note that the name and process may pull u p stakes from one practices to another, as many interlingual rendition of games rules and how-to-play version, which could not be controlled by me. Sometimes, it may stimulate confusedness among players. Brief freshen up on Malay Traditional Games throng may see that traditional game is a simple thing, but actually traditional games are valuable elements of a culture. Their inventions show how productive the humans are, a combination with high imagination. It is such a precious heritage to be preserve and imply with the history of its creation.Furthermore, it is hard to square up the true inventors of the games and how it is evolved. I have never thought who are the one created konda-kondi, tuju kasut and dekametre aji. This kind of heritage is a base where a human group cash its identity, its projects for the future, its memory, its history, its fears, its desires. When large number lose this untouchable, fragile segment of their culture, then they go out lose their b asis for living, their past and their future (Civallero). Traditional games are a sort of intangible cultural heritage with its richness of Malay cultural values and ethics.Normally, the original version of traditional games had been manipulated by the oral from one to another. This effects the exaggeration of the true identity of traditional games itself. Traditional Malay games usually beg craft skills and manual dexterity and arse be traced their origins since the days of Melaka Sultanate. Sepak raga and kite move are among traditional games that were mentioned in the Malay Annals being played by nobilities and royalties of the Malay Sultanate (Ooi). I think we should prove on few numbers of existing Malay traditional games surround us.for the first time is dekametre Impit. The purpose of this game is for players to essay their expertise and brains to collect as many as opponents dekameter and getting close to opponent side of the dams table. Playing Dam Impit helps the pl ayer to sharpen their thinking skills, agreeable to develop their patience and discipline among the players (Nasarah and Nasarah). Children can play this game on free time. Adults also make this game as their spare time hobby. Secondly is Cuit Bintik. It is a very fun game to play.In certain places they call this game as Orang Ganjil Kena Cuit. The rules of the game is whoever had been touched by others at certain part of the eubstance need to become the toucher while place their particular part of body and chasing for the adjacent victim (Nasarah and Nasarah). According to (Nasarah and Nasarah ), Jarum Mas is one fictitious character of recreational game, not in a form of competition. Players can enjoy the game with one of the main character in the game as the ghost or hantu. The role of hantu is to look after the treasures in the drawn circle.Player who had been caught by hantu will become the next hantu and the game will be repeated over again. For me, this one is a very in teresting game to play. The game represents the culture of sending kuih to neighbors that has always been a practice to Malay people since a very long time ago. Traditionally, the kuih was made by the mother or the family members during Ramadhan or continence month for extravasate fast. In the research by (Nasarah and Nasarah), in that location is a game called hantar kuih , often play by the boys at night of the fasting month.The game is plays for the whole month, consisting two groups A and B. The group will send the kuih in secret with name taken and wrote in a piece of paper. Whoever had been caught by the opponent will lose. By the end of the month, all players will forgive one another during Hari Raya. This kind of game test the level of childrens speed from chasing by other players and how to repeal themselves from been caught by enemies. (Nasarah & Nasarah) said players who had been touched by the chaser need to sit diddlyshit until just one player left.The sitting pla ying is considered as died, and the only one player left will be the winner. The Malays also have a unhomogeneous of Mancala board games known as Congkak Lubang Sepuluh or Congkak Lubang Dua Puluh. The game is played by mournful stones, marbles, beads or shells approximately a wooden board consisting of twelve or more holes. At my time, my friends and me often play using marbles. Traditionally, (Nasarah & Nasarah) said the real atmospheric state to play congkak is on the ground with players tiring sarungs.The function of wearing sarungs are much easier for the players to collect marbles to put in Rumah Ibu. Rumah Ibu is the two big holes dig on the ground with optional numbers of Lubang Rumah Anak. I ever had this kind of experiences during my childhood. The ambience playing under our wooden house was really incredible and amazing. At this time, I dont know that congkak has a antithetic name too. Historically, mancala or congkak is acknowledged as the oldest game in the world, with variety versions of playing rules depending on the culture of the player.Its origin is traced from antique Egypt. As the game dispersed around the globe, every culture has invented its own variation including the Malays. It is common to assume that digital games are something of a new phenomenon. In fact, historians on digs and discover of ancient records all over the world have been able to blow this assumption right out of the water. Many of the forms of traditional games that we see immediately have been around the centuries, even as earlier since ancient Egypt. Time passes as rise as the traditional ways of gaming for the children.As they keep themselves entertained, the generation of video consoles and touch screen are now at the forefront (Boyajian). Nowadays, exceedingly advanced gadgets packed the markets and as time goes by, they are becoming more and more advanced. If once upon a time, the traditional games still can easily be seen played by village boys and girl s, in inelegant or sub urban area. rarely now, the government agency are not the same when the village boys and girls are exposed to technology, to causal agency with the changes of era. So, where are the traditional games for the Malays?I often asking myself about this, and sometimes I asked my circle of friends, family whereby why it is hard to decree one now? Are they also aware of it? Are they realizing the disappearance of our one of the most valuable cultural values too? Just like the ontogenesis of society was imagined as a unidirectional transformation from tradition to modernity (Eichberg). Yes, we cant deny modernization, but must(prenominal) the tradition being abandoned? Perhaps, not. Research Methodology and Analysis My real concern about the study is actually to investigate the Malay traditional games practices in classroom.The research methodological analysis chosen for this study stick out a number of selected gaming activities in classroom, loosely based o n the research written by four researchers from divergent universities under the same disciplines. (1)Matthew Kam (Human-Computer interaction make for, Carnegie Mellon University, USA, (2) Akhil Mathur and (3) Anuj Kumar both from Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gujarat, India, and (4) tail Canny (Computer Science Division and Berkeley Institute of Design, University of California, Berkeley, USA.The title of the study is Designing digital Games for Rural Children A Study of Traditional Village Games in India. This is the best article Ive found to assist me in writing this study, as its sooner hard to find related donnish articles or journals about the study. Again, I am not to design a game, but I am investigating the nicety either the implementation of Malay traditional games in classroom is suitable to be applied during teaching and learning or not, in any subjects not specifically in Visual Art Education subject.Conducting the study me ans that I am finding the best methods and relevant ideas for teachers to apply it in classrooms. Mixed method of vicenary and qualitative case study go up is used for the investigating. The intention of this study is to model(prenominal) the research methodology adopted for the study, which is a case study design. According to Merriam states that case study is often the best methodology when understanding is sought in order to improve practice (as cited in Zeyad ). eccentric study investigations can explain the reason for a problem, the background of a situation, what happened and why.A case study designed is employed to gain an in-depth understanding of the situation and meaning for those involved. The interest is in husking rather than confirmation (as cited in Zeyad ). At the first place, I thought descriptive design is the best and safer way for doing research, but after gone through few steps ahead my research, I found that case study is the best to lend mine. Besides e xemplary the case research done by (Kam et. al ), I also had conducted a preliminary investigation called original study as well as the literature survey.The pilot project study is pointed to the process of inducting theory using case studies- from specifying the research questions to reaching closure. Besides carried out as a trial study, this pilot study also assisted me in testing the feasibility, reliability and validity of the design. I then selected a number of samples to escape out the pre-test, or in easier nomenclature to play the Malay traditional games within a classroom before the actual investigation is done. I then used the learning gathered in pilot studies to refine or improve my research or evaluation procedure being piloted before it is used on a larger scale.This internal pilot study was established through a variety of ways (1) I had approached school at one time via headmaster or teachers or attention itself to seek permission on conducting the small sca le research internally, (2)I had work in partnership with the students and interested teachers in lend to the research, and (3)I drew on personal and professional contacts to set up projects with colleagues who are already aware of game-based learning specifically in traditional and digital ways. Clearly, implementing a game in a teaching and learning session is risky.Either the learning objectives can be achieved or it can be left undone. To design a game that combining a traditional game and completely match the understanding of students while playing, good data collection methods will be more culturally substantive to rural students. Although I am not designing the game, but at least(prenominal) I am already have in my mind that traditional games might not be playing in traditional ways only, but we can suit with the current modernization. It just how creative the teachers are, to add up some alter in their teaching methods. I conducted an sign focus group interview for the student during the pilot study.I asked the histrions to recall the routine games that they love to play for us to videotape. I got a tremendous response from the participants apothegm their favorite everyday games, including both traditional and digital games. From the feedback, I hypothesized that they still know the Malay traditional games is still exist. I then conducted four methods of data collections which are (1) combination of semi-structured and unstructured interviews, (2) participant observation, (3) down questionnaires and (4) collection of documents with the participants.All gathered information will be recorded for transcribing in data analysis. By using the unalike methods of data collections, a cross checkout counter data will assist in interpretation of data gathered later. by and large for semi-structured and unstructured interview, close-ended and open-ended questions will be asked in order to allow the participants to create options for responding on the c urrent research topic. Participants can also voice their experiences and perspectives on the research area without boundary. They are free to babble and voice out their opinion in order to make the session is more fun, interactive and meaningful.The participant observation will allow me to role as the participant observer during the activities being held. But the experimental roles can be changed later to suit with the activities conducted. Additional data came from the participants responses to follow-up questionnaires developed specifically to bewilder answers to new questions raised after the initial interview data had been analyzed. These follow-up questionnaires were also used to clarify initial answers and see to it interview findings. Public and private records will be a good source of text data in assisting the study. authority was obtained before using the documents.